4 edition of West Nile virus outbreak found in the catalog.
West Nile virus outbreak
United States. General Accounting Office
by The Office in Washington, D.C. (P.O. Box 37050, Washington, D.C. 20013)
Written in English
|Other titles||Lessons for public health preparedness|
|Statement||United States General Accounting Office.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||68 p. :|
|Number of Pages||68|
|LC Control Number||00328834|
Witnesses testified about a recent outbreak of West Nile virus that killed 94 people in the U.S., the future threat of outbreaks, and efforts to develop vaccines and treatments for the disease. The. West Nile virus is sweeping the United States this year. As of October 2, , 48 states have reported West Nile virus activity in mosquitoes, birds or people - all but Alaska and Hawaii.
As of August , an outbreak of 1, cases of West Nile virus in was confirmed by the CDC. This is the highest number of reported West Nile virus cases since the virus was first detected in the U.S. in There is a three letter common denominator underlying: the West Nile Virus (WNV) outbreak in New England, the controversial spraying of malathione-a known human chemical carcinogen related to agent orange-over American cities, the growing threat of anthrax or other biological weapons attacks, vaccination policies that are risky and questionable.
The first known cases of West Nile Virus had been recorded in in Uganda and more cases were documented in Israel in , France in the 's, South Africa in , Romania in , and Russia in An outbreak of West Nile Virus was recorded in New York City in that affected 62 people and caused 7 deaths. Madeline Drexler does a fascinating piece of work in her book, Secret Agents, on the outbreak of the West Nile Virus in New York in where it tooks weeks to find out what virus was killing birds and people. Finally, on 22 September , a CDC scientist loaded samples of the virus genome into a machine that automatically sequenced the DNA.
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During the West Nile virus outbreak in Texas, USA, 1, cases were reported. Male patients, persons >65 years of age, and minorities were at highest risk for neuroinvasive disease. At total of 1, cases including (45%) WNND (West Nile neuroinvasive disease) cases and 89 deaths (case-fatality rate 5%).
Ina deadly strain of West Nile virus struck parts of the northeastern United States. Caused by a virus from the family Flaviridae, genus Flavivirus, the disease was common in Africa and the Middle East. Today, it can be found across North America, Europe, and Asia. West Nile can cause serious illness, and in severe cases, lead to encephalitis, a swelling of the brain, which.
The recent West Nile virus outbreak is the largest ever seen in the United States, according to new numbers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This book gives a useful overview of a disease that nobody knew much about a few short years ago, but is now making headlines.
Carefully selected abstracts of virus-related literature follow as do accessible author, title, and subject indexes. For the study of the West Nile Virus, this book is a valuable resource. Over the next 5 years, the epidemic of West West Nile virus outbreak book virus (WNV) infection spread north to Canada, south to Florida, Mexico and the Caribbean islands, and west to the Pacific coast.
West Nile Virus Activity New York and New Jersey, In late Augustan outbreak of encephalitis caused by West Nile virus (WNV) was detected in New York City and subsequently identified in neighboring counties (1).In response, an extensive mosquito-control and risk-reduction campaign was initiated, including aerial and ground applications of mosquito.
West Nile virus (WNV) is the leading cause of domestically acquired arboviral disease in the continental United States (1). Other arboviruses, including eastern equine encephalitis, Jamestown Canyon, La Crosse, Powassan, and St. Louis encephalitis viruses, cause sporadic cases of disease and occasional by: 2.
I showed this to Mr. Calame who said that since the article states that West Nile virus "entered" the country seven years ago, and makes no reference to the first human cases ever in the United States, and since it was referring to this specific, initial outbreak in this country, there is no need for a correction.
During the West Nile virus outbreak in Texas, USA, 1, cases were reported. Male patients, persons >65 years of age, and minorities were at highest risk for neuroinvasive disease.
Fifty-three percent of counties reported a case; 48% of case-patients resided in 4 counties around Dallas/Fort Worth. The economic cost was >$ million. West Nile virus now has killed 47 people and infected an estima in 38 states in what is almost certain to be the worst West Nile outbreak since the virus hit Author: Daniel J.
Denoon. WEST NILE VIRUS SINCE Beginning aroundthe epidemiology and clinical spectrum of WNV appeared to change. A large outbreak of WNV occurred in the area around Bucharest, Romania, and was notable for a number of reasons (14, 15).It was the first WNV outbreak to be centered in a predominantly urban area, and it was the first outbreak of the virus in which the.
West Nile virus (WNV) was first isolated in Uganda (West Nile district) in from the blood of a native Ugandan woman  and until the end of the 20 th century was considered a cause of viral encephalitis limited only in Africa and became a global public health concern after the virus introduction in North America and especially New York in .Cited by: 7.
West Nile virus (WNV) was first detected in the Western Hemisphere in during an outbreak of encephalitis in New York City. Over the next 5 years, the virus spread across the continental United States as well as north into Canada, and southward into the Caribbean Islands and Latin America ().This article highlights new information about the epidemiology and transmission.
In Fenner's Veterinary Virology (Fourth Edition), West Nile Virus. West Nile virus historically was recognized as a cause of mild febrile disease in humans over large areas of Africa and the Middle East. There are two major genetic lineages (1 and 2) of West Nile virus; Kunjin virus is a variant of lineage 1 West Nile virus that is enzootic in Australia.
Introduction. West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne pathogen of concern to health authorities internationally. The virus poses an emerging threat to public health in many parts of the world, and over the past decades, there Cited by: Some mosquito-borne diseases run in cycles in the U.S.
West Nile virus arrived in New York only in and took until to spread from coast to coast -- so it's too soon to say whether natural Author: Daniel J. Denoon. West Nile is "extraordinarily good at adapting to this new environment," said Dr.
Ian Lipkin of Columbia University, who helped pinpoint the virus in the epidemic. West Nile Virus outbreak history According to WHO, the first case was recorded in when West Nile virus (WNV) was isolated in a woman in the West Nile district of Uganda.
Similar to West Nile, the virus was known to scientists but had never before caused an outbreak of this magnitude.
Bythe virus had left La Reunion and moved on, most famously arriving in. Coincidentally, one of the assigned chapters deals with an outbreak of West Nile Virus in Bakersfield in and again in As a California native, I was surprised to read about this outbreak and realize that I knew very little about the cases of.
Get this from a library! West Nile virus outbreak: lessons for public health preparedness: report to congressional requesters. [United States. General Accounting Office.].An unusual outbreak of West Nile meningo-encephalitis was reported in the South- Eastern part of Romania during July 15 – October 2, Of clinically defined cases, developed symptoms of central nervous system infection (meningitis 40%, meningo-encephalitis 44%, encephalitis 66%).Cited by: 1.As new cases of West Nile Virus begin to appear across the United States, Lucent Books offers a title with a timely discussion of this potentially devastating disease.
Author Melissa Abramovitz outlines the mechanics of virus transmission and how mosquito; All volumes in the series include primary and secondary quotations, annotated Author: Melissa Abramovitz.